Assume you are a journalist working for a major radio station news
program. One of your contacts in the White House has leaked a copy of
this document and told you it would be issued and announced in one
week. What would you report about it? Your story should be written as a
news script. It should answer the following questions and include
appropriate quotes from the document.
What will this Executive Order do?
What reasons are used to justify this order?
What does President Roosevelt say gives him the authority to issue this order?
To whom did President Roosevelt give authority to carry out the evacuation?
According to this order, what specific steps does Roosevelt authorize?
EXECUTIVE ORDER NO. 9066
FEBRUARY 19, 1942
Authorizing the Secretary of War to Prescribe Military Areas
Whereas, The successful prosecution of the war requires every
possible protection against espionage and against sabotage to national
defense material, national defense premises and national defense
utilities as defined in Section 4, Act of April 20, 1918, 40 Stat. 533
as amended by the Act of November 30, 1940, 54 Stat. 1220. and the Act
of August 21, 1941. 55 Stat. 655 (U.S.C., Title 50, Sec. 104):
Now, therefore, by virtue of the authority vested in me as President
of the United States, and Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy, l
hereby authorized and direct the Secretary of War, and the Military
Commanders whom he may from time to time designate, whenever he or any
designated Commander deem such action necessary or desirable to
prescribe military areas in such places and of such extent as he or the
appropriate Military Commander may determine, from which any or all
persons may be excluded, and with respect to which, the right of any
person to enter, remain in, or leave shall be subject to whatever
restriction the Secretary of War or the appropriate Military Commander
may impose in his discretion. The Secretary of War is hereby authorized
to provide for residents of any such area who are excluded therefrom.
such transportation, food, shelter, and other accommodations as may be
necessary, in the judgment of the Secretary of War or the said Military
Commander and until other arrangements are made, to accomplish the
purpose of this order. The designation of military areas in any region
or locality shall supersede designation of prohibited and restricted
areas by the Attorney General under the Proclamation of December 7 and
8, 1941, and shall supersede the responsibility and authority of the
Attorney General under the said Proclamation in respect of such
prohibited and restricted areas.
I hereby further authorize and direct the Secretary of War and the
said Military Commanders to take such other steps as he or the
appropriate Military Commander may deem advisable to enforce compliance
with the restrictions applicable to each Military area herein above
authorized to be designated including the use of Federal troops and
other Federal Agencies, with authority to accept assistance of state and
I hereby further authorize and direct all Executive Department,
independent establishments and other Federal Agencies, to assist the
Secretary of War or the said Military Commanders in carrying out this
Executive Order, including the furnishing of medical aid,
hospitalization, food, clothing, transportation, use of land, shelter,
and other supplies, equipment, utilities, facilities and service.
This order shall not be construed as modifying or limiting in any way
the authority granted under Executive Order 8972, dated December
12.1941, nor shall it be construed as limiting or modifying the duty and
responsibility of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, with response to
the investigation of alleged acts of sabotage or duty and
responsibility of the Attorney General and the Department of Justice
under the Proclamation of December 7 and 8, 1941, prescribing
regulations for the conduct and control of alien enemies, except as such
duty and responsibility is superseded by the designation of military
Franklin D. Roosevelt, The White House, February 19,1942